From the given, there are 5 letters to choose from. For the first letter of the three-letter word, we can choose from all 5 of them. Also, for the second letter of the word, we can also have 5 choices because it is stated that repetition is allowed. Similarly, there are also 5 choices for the last letter of the word. By fundamental principle of counting, we multiply the numbers identified in the sentences above, n = 5 x 5 x 5 = 125 Thus, 125 words can be formed from the given letters.
How many three-letter "words" can be made from 5 letters "fghij" if repetition of letters (a) is allowed?