When an author uses something that stands for or represents something else, this becomes a symbol. This concept is known as symbolism. It is a technique used when things should not be taken literally. A symbol can be an object, event, action, person or situation that usually has a deeper meaning. The purpose for the use of symbolism is to enhance the writing and give insight into the story to the reader. The use of symbolism can also add a deeper layer to the story.
When an author uses something that stands for or represents something else, that something becomes a(n) _____. plot character idea symbol